Governance and Polity-Structure, Organization and Functioning of Judiciary [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 6 - 10 of 15

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Question 6

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Judiciary
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The new roster for allocation of cases in the Supreme Court, with division of work among the judges according to various subject categories, is a move towards greater objectivity or fairness. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

This new roster comes in the light of the press conference by the four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court expressing dissatisfaction at the manner of allocation of cases and the high-handedness of the Chief Justice of India in asserting his supremacy as master of roster to the exclusion of the senior judges of the court.

New Roster:

  • U…

… (478 more words) …

Question 7

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Judiciary
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss the steps taken by the Supreme Court to reform collegium system. Do you think these measures are adequate? What more reforms are needed to address concerns regarding collegium system? (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court of India՚s collegium system, which appoints judges to the nation՚s constitutional courts, has its genesis in, and continued basis resting on, three of its own judgments which are collectively known as the Three Judges Cases. A formula was invented to appoint judges in higher judiciary.
  • The court evolved the principle o…

… (241 more words) …

Question 8

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Judiciary
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss the significance and implications of the recent Supreme Court verdict in the River Cauvery water sharing dispute for other water disputes and also for federalism. (250 Words)

Explanation

Recently the SC gave the judgement reducing the share of water of the Cauvery river allotted to Tamilnadu by the Cauvery tribunal. This brought in to forefront the issue of water disputes.

Significance and Implications:

Water Disputes:

  • By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly modifying its award, the Supreme Cour…

… (556 more words) …

Question 9

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Judiciary
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss briefly nature and significance of various observations and judgements delivered by the Supreme Court on the issues dealing with electoral reform during last few years. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court of India՚s collegium system, which appoints judges to the nation՚s constitutional courts, has its genesis in, and continued basis resting on, three of its own judgments which are collectively known as the Three Judges Cases. A formula was invented to appoint judges in higher judiciary.
  • The court evolved the principle o…

… (241 more words) …

Question 10

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Judiciary
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss briefly nature and significance of various observations and judgements delivered by the Supreme Court on the issues dealing with electoral reform during last few years. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court till today continued with trend that started 40 years ago and strove for electoral reforms through its various judgements.
  • Mohinder Singh Gill: Judicial decisions ushering in electoral reforms started in 1978, when the SC interpreted Article 324 of the Constitution to empower the Election Commission (EC) with unbridled…

… (362 more words) …

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