Governance and Polity-Structure, Organization and Functioning of Executive [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 1 - 4 of 4

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Question 1

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Executive
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Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Exercise of CAG՚s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government՚s policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.

Explanation

The Government՚S Policy
  • The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is known as the watchdog of government finances and its functioning. His main role is to make the Indian government exposed to transparency and accountability in the areas of legislature as well as civil society. The CAG looks into the working and performance of different gov…

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Question 2

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Executive
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

‘The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles, and discretion has to be exercised in public considerations.’ Analyse this statements in the context of the judicial powers of the President of India. (Paper - I)

Explanation

  • The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on special principles and discretion has to exercise in Public consideration. It can be seen in context to judicial powers of the president of India which are as follows.
  1. He appoints the chief Justice and the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
  2. He can seek advice from the Sup…

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Question 3

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Executive
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Regulators do not exist in a vacuum outside government policy and while regulators have independence in performing their role, they still fall within the broad definition of the executive branch of the State and are accountable to the legislature. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The regulatory state came into its own in India in the post-liberalization era.
  • To simultaneously ensure regulatory independence and implementation of regulations consistent with government policies, legislative oversight of regulators is necessary.

Regulators Need Independence Because:

  • The regulator is able to set up a specialised workforc…

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Question 4

Structure, Organization and Functioning of Executive
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Through its oversight function, Parliament holds the government accountable and ensures that policies are efficient and in keeping with the needs of citizens. What mechanisms are available to the Parliament to conduct oversight of the executive? Also, in the light of criticisms made against parliament՚s this role, discuss major recommendations to strengthen this function of Parliament. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Through its oversight function, Parliament holds the government accountable and ensures that policies are efficient and in keeping with the needs of citizens. In addition, parliamentary oversight is essential to prevent arbitrary and unconstitutional action by the government.

Mechanisms for Parliamentary Oversight over Executive:

There are…

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