Governance and Polity-Representation of People's Act [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 8

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Question 1

Representation of People's Act
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

In successive elections, electoral participation in India՚s big, metropolitan cities has been lower vis-à-vis semi-urban and rural constituencies. It is argued that in big cities, it is not the middle class but the urban poor who are unable to exercise their franchise. Discuss. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Electoral participation in India՚s big, metropolitan cities has been observed to be comparatively lower than that in semi-urban and rural areas. Empirically measured in terms of voter turnout, the percentage of voters who participate in elections in cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, etc, has been found to be way lower th…

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Question 2

Representation of People's Act
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Essay▾

It is said that the country՚s first election was an ingeniously indigenous an inventive exercise, with unique challenges and the way bureaucracy rose to the task holds lessons for today. Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The principle of universal franchise was adopted at the beginning of the constitutional debates in April 1947. It was a significant departure from elections under colonial rule, which were based on a very limited franchise and a divided electorate.

Inventive and Indigenous Because:

  • The origin of Indian democracy in particular the establish…

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Question 3

Representation of People's Act
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Developments following the 2G spectrum allocation and the Lok Pal issue have led to increased interest in understanding the work of Parliamentary committees. Analyse how effective the committee system has been and explore ways of strengthening it. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Beyond the visible work in the two Houses, a substantial part of the work is carried out by Committees. The functions they carry are examine bills referred to them, select specific topics related to the ministries and examine implementation by the government and examine the budgetary outlays of the departments. Their performance affects …

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Question 4

Representation of People's Act
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Essay▾

What is exit poll? Does the decision to ban exit polls by the Election Commission go against freedom of speech and expression? Critically comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • An election exit poll is a poll of voters taken immediately after they have exited the polling stations. Unlike an opinion poll, which asks for whom the voter plans to vote, or some similar formulation, an exit poll asks for whom the voter actually voted. A similar poll conducted before actual voters have voted is called an entrance po…

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Question 5

Representation of People's Act
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The Supreme Court՚s recent decision on information disclosure (Lok Prahari v. Union of India) paves a way for future constitutional interventions in India՚s party funding regime, including the scheme of electoral bonds. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • Supreme Court, over the last few decades, has readily stepped in to introduce electoral reforms. However, most of these interventions are directed at candidates, and rarely at the parties.
  • The Lok Prahari decision paves a way for future constitutional interventions in India՚s party funding regime, including the scheme of electoral bonds.

L…

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