Governance and Polity-Power, Functions and Responsibilities of Constitutional Bodies [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 8

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Question 1

Power, Functions and Responsibilities of Constitutional Bodies
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

How do pressure groups influence Indian Political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure group have emerged as powerful than formal groups in recent years.

Explanation

Pressure groups are vested interest group that exert pressure on government. It is also called interest group. These are two types

  1. Formal Pressure Group: Group like AITUC, FICCI, ASSOCHAM, Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh etc.
  2. Informal Pressure Group: Groups such as caste, subcaste, religious, moral policing group, insider and outer groups.

It influences the po…

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Question 2

Power, Functions and Responsibilities of Constitutional Bodies
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgments of the apex Court in this regard.

Explanation

  • Article 21 declares that no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by the law. It is not merely confined to animal existence survival but it includes within its ambit, the right to live with the Human Dignity and all those aspects of life which go to make a man՚s life meaningful, compl…

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Question 3

Power, Functions and Responsibilities of Constitutional Bodies
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

“For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous” . Discuss in the light of the experiences in recent past.

Explanation

The main objective of regulatory bodies is to bring or tries to bring professionalism by ensuring national unity, integrity, sovereignty, democracy, secularism etc. It also promotes the socio-economic development of the country.

Some of the Regulating bodies in India are as flows.

  1. Reserve Bank of India.
  2. National Human Rights Commission.
  3. Central vigilan…

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Question 4

Power, Functions and Responsibilities of Constitutional Bodies
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Essay▾

Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine.

Explanation

  • National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is an constitutional body established by Article 338 of the constitution with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes, to promote their social, educational, economic and cultural interests, under special provisions in the Constitution. It is a recommendatory body in t…

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Question 5

Power, Functions and Responsibilities of Constitutional Bodies
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

It is said that conducting simultaneous elections to assemblies and parliament will ensure consistency, continuity and governance, which are integral to democracy. Do you agree? What changes needs to be made to the constitution and related laws if the parliament decides to conduct such simultaneous elections? Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The current government time and again supported the idea of holding simultaneous elections to panchayats, urban local bodies, states and Parliament.

Merits:

Governance and Consistency:

  • Parties and workers spending too much time and money in electioneering, can make use of the time for social work and to take people-oriented programmes to th…

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