Governance and Polity-Parliament and State Legislatures [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 6 - 12 of 13

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Question 6

Parliament and State Legislatures
Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2010

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What are the grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament from either House? Quote relevant provisions in your answer.

Explanation

Indian Parliament System
  • In Indian Parliamentary System, the members of parliament are members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
  • Both the houses have elected as well as nominated members. The elected members of Lok Sabha are elected directly on the basis of adult suffrage; the elected members of Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by members of legislativ…

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Question 7

Parliament and State Legislatures
Structure

Appeared in Year: 2010

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Legislative powers assigned to the Rajya Sabha under Article and Article of the constitution.

Explanation

  • Rajya Sabha also called the council of states. It is a permanent body not subjected to dissolution but one third of its member retires every two year. The member of Rajya Sabha is elected by the Legislative assembly of states. A member elected for the Rajya Sabha serves full time of Six years.
  • The Constitution of India conferred some special Legisla…

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Question 8

Parliament and State Legislatures
Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2010

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Bring out the powers and responsibilities attached to the office of the speaker of the Lok Sabha.

Explanation

  • Each House of the Parliament has its own presiding officer. The speaker is the Presiding officer of the Lok sabha which is elected by the Lok Sabha from amongst its members. Whenever the office of speaker falls vacant, the Lok Sabha elects another member to fill the vacancy. The date of election of the speaker is fixed by the President. Whenever th…

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Question 9

Parliament and State Legislatures
Functioning
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee.

Explanation

  • Parliamentary committees are an important part of the work of the Parliament. They investigate issues and bills in detail, so that the Parliament can be well-informed before making decisions of national significance. One of the roles of the Parliament is to make laws for the nation.
  • However, there is often limited time to debate complex issues in de…

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Question 10

Parliament and State Legislatures
Structure
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Analyse the mechanism of Parliamentary oversight of the government՚s financial activities and examine how to strengthen it. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Parliamentary scrutiny of public finance is an important aspect of governmental accountability. There is a legitimate democratic need in this country to strengthen the capacity of Parliament and its members to carry effective financial oversight.

Mechanism of Parliamentary Oversight on Government՚s Financial Activities:

Parliamentary overs…

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Question 11

Parliament and State Legislatures
Functioning
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Parliament has the important role of holding the government to account for its actions. In the light of the decreasing number of parliament sessions, critically comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Parliamentary system provides a higher level of responsibility on the government through daily assessment by members in the form of questions, resolutions, no-confidence motions, adjournment motions and debates on addresses.
  • Ambedkar felt that daily assessment was more effective in holding governments to account, and more appropriate fo…

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Question 12

Parliament and State Legislatures
Functioning
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The attempt by the executive to subvert the independent function of the legislature and its secretariat has serious implications for Indian polity. Discuss critically these implications and comment if there should be an alternative manner to convene parliament. (250 Words)

Explanation

Parliament – Daily Assessment of the Government:

  • Defending the parliamentary system versus the presidential system, B. R. Ambedkar argued that all such systems attempted a balance between stability and responsibility. Both systems provide a periodic assessment by the electorate through elections.
  • However, the parliamentary system provides a higher le…

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