Governance and Polity-Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 5 - 8 of 8

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Question 5

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

The central government frequently complains on the poor performance of the state Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the states in better implementation. Critically Evaluate.

Explanation

  • Restructuring of centrally sponsored scheme is a way forward from the centre to the state for eliminating the cause of vulnerable sections of population. The centrally sponsored schemes are funded by the central government but implemented by the states because schemes is designed by the central government and giving little say to the states in form…

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Question 6

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States
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Essay▾

Does India need a new institutional architecture to deal with multi-state problems such as air pollution? Discuss. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Air pollution in India is quite a serious issue with the major sources being fuelwood and biomass burning, fuel adulteration, vehicle emission and traffic congestion. A 2013 study on non-smokers has found that Indians have 30 % lower lung function compared to Europeans.
  • Air pollution has been a multi-state problem in India. As In autumn…

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Question 7

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States
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Essay▾

What is neo-abolitionism? It is argued that India should assert a leadership role in the global fight against exploitation by countering the influence of neo-abolitionism. What do you understand by this argument? In the light of the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016, discuss critically. (250 Words)

Explanation

Neo Abolitionism:

  • Neo abolitionist (or neo-abolitionist or new abolitionism) is a term used by historians to refer to the rebirth of the civil rights movement in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
  • Neo abolitionism is a discourse that perpetuates sensationalist accounts of modern slaves as victims tricked by unscrupulous traffickers and whose only hope i…

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Question 8

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States
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Essay▾

Present a detailed comparison of pardoning powers of President and Governor in India.

Explanation

  • Article 72 and 161 of the Indian Constitution empowers the President and the governors of States respectively to grant pardons for the sentence.
  • However, the ambit of President՚s pardoning power is wider than that of Governor.
  • Pardoning is an act of kindness that reduces the punishment conferred under the law for the offence and restores the rights a…

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