Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 43 - 47 of 66

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Question 43

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Essay▾

Opacity in political financing, fear of party fragmentation, dynastic succession, and lack of intra-party democracy are all mutually reinforcing variables. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The recent comment by Prime Minister Narendra Modi about debate over intra party democracy requires a holistic overview of India’s existing political system and their issues.

Opacity in Political Funding:

In June 2013, the Central Information Commission held that political parties are under the Right to Information Act. But this was subs

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Question 44

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Discuss the steps taken by the Supreme Court to reform collegium system. Do you think these measures are adequate? What more reforms are needed to address concerns regarding collegium system? (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court of India’s collegium system, which appoints judges to the nation’s constitutional courts, has its genesis in, and continued basis resting on, three of its own judgments which are collectively known as the Three Judges Cases. A formula was invented to appoint judges in higher judiciary.
  • The court evolved the principle o

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Question 45

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Discuss the significance and implications of the recent Supreme Court verdict in the River Cauvery water sharing dispute for other water disputes and also for federalism. (250 Words)

Explanation

Recently the SC gave the judgement reducing the share of water of the Cauvery river allotted to Tamilnadu by the Cauvery tribunal. This brought in to forefront the issue of water disputes.

Significance and Implications:

Water Disputes:

  • By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly modifying its award, the Supreme Cour

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Question 46

Governance and Polity
Functioning
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Essay▾

Parliament has the important role of holding the government to account for its actions. In the light of the decreasing number of parliament sessions, critically comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Parliamentary system provides a higher level of responsibility on the government through daily assessment by members in the form of questions, resolutions, no-confidence motions, adjournment motions and debates on addresses.
  • Ambedkar felt that daily assessment was more effective in holding governments to account, and more appropriate fo

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Question 47

Governance and Polity
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Essay▾

Developments following the 2G spectrum allocation and the Lok Pal issue have led to increased interest in understanding the work of Parliamentary committees. Analyse how effective the committee system has been and explore ways of strengthening it. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Beyond the visible work in the two Houses, a substantial part of the work is carried out by Committees. The functions they carry are examine bills referred to them, select specific topics related to the ministries and examine implementation by the government and examine the budgetary outlays of the departments. Their performance affects

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