Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 38 - 42 of 67

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Question 38

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Essay▾

It is argued that the Indian judiciary has become all powerful, mostly by taking on enormous authority in policy areas, that are technically beyond its ambit. Why is this trend evolving in the first place? What are its implications? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Importance of Judiciary:

  • In democratic countries, judiciary ensures rule of law against tyranny of the majority (executive and legislature) .
  • Hence judiciary has been given the power of judicial review.
  • In the Indian Constitution, judiciary has been envisaged as extremely powerful. Article 13 and 36are extremely elaborative in assigning functions to j…

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Question 39

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The proposal for simultaneous elections goes against basic principles of the parliamentary system and the Indian Constitution. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Simultaneous Election is mechanism to conduct Lok Sabha and all State Legislative Assemblies Election simultaneously for period of five years.

Benefits of Simultaneous Elections:

Stability in Governance:

  • This was even mentioned in the 117th report on Reform and Electoral Laws (1999) by the Law Commission of India.
  • Frequent elections hamper long-term po…

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Question 40

Governance and Polity
Structure
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Essay▾

Analyse the mechanism of Parliamentary oversight of the government՚s financial activities and examine how to strengthen it. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Parliamentary scrutiny of public finance is an important aspect of governmental accountability. There is a legitimate democratic need in this country to strengthen the capacity of Parliament and its members to carry effective financial oversight.

Mechanism of Parliamentary Oversight on Government՚s Financial Activities:

Parliamentary overs…

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Question 41

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The new roster for allocation of cases in the Supreme Court, with division of work among the judges according to various subject categories, is a move towards greater objectivity or fairness. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

This new roster comes in the light of the press conference by the four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court expressing dissatisfaction at the manner of allocation of cases and the high-handedness of the Chief Justice of India in asserting his supremacy as master of roster to the exclusion of the senior judges of the court.

New Roster:

  • U…

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Question 42

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As per the 84th Amendment act, the constituency boundaries are frozen till the first census after 2026, that is, at least until after 2031. What are the implications of this amendment? Should India go back to the decadal revisions of the constituency boundaries keeping in mind the changing demographics of India? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

In India, the main basis for allocation of seats to various States in the Lok Sabha is population of the state. The division of each state into the territorial constituencies is to be readjusted after the completion of a census so that the Population-Seat ratio is maintained within the state and throughout the Union. So, the purpose is t…

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