Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 27 - 32 of 66

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Question 27

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Essay▾

‘The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles, and discretion has to be exercised in public considerations. ’ Analyse this statements in the context of the judicial powers of the President of India. (Paper - I)

Explanation

  • The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on special principles and discretion has to exercise in Public consideration. It can be seen in context to judicial powers of the president of India which are as follows.
  1. He appoints the chief Justice and the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
  2. He can seek advice from the Sup

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Question 28

Governance and Polity
Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2010

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Essay▾

Legislative powers assigned to the Rajya Sabha under Article and Article of the constitution.

Explanation

  • Rajya Sabha also called the council of states. It is a permanent body not subjected to dissolution but one third of its member retires every two year. The member of Rajya Sabha is elected by the Legislative assembly of states. A member elected for the Rajya Sabha serves full time of Six years.
  • The Constitution of India conferred some special Legisla

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Question 29

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Appeared in Year: 2010

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Essay▾

How is disagreement between the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly of a state is passing of an ordinary Bill, resolved?

Explanation

  • An ordinary bill can be introduced in either house of the state legislature either by a minister or by private member.
Image of Legislative Procedure

Image of Legislative Procedure

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Following are the steps in Passing of an ordinary Bill.

  • It passes through first reading, second reading, and third reading in the originating house.
  • It is deemed to have been passed by the

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Question 30

Governance and Polity
Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2010

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Bring out the powers and responsibilities attached to the office of the speaker of the Lok Sabha.

Explanation

  • Each House of the Parliament has its own presiding officer. The speaker is the Presiding officer of the Lok sabha which is elected by the Lok Sabha from amongst its members. Whenever the office of speaker falls vacant, the Lok Sabha elects another member to fill the vacancy. The date of election of the speaker is fixed by the President. Whenever th

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Question 31

Governance and Polity
Functioning
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Essay▾

Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee.

Explanation

  • Parliamentary committees are an important part of the work of the Parliament. They investigate issues and bills in detail making decisions of national significance, so that the Parliament can be well-informed before. One of the roles of the Parliament is to make laws for the nation.
  • However, there is often limited time to debate complex issues in de

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Question 32

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Essay▾

Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine.

Explanation

  • National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is an constitutional body established by Article 338provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castesrecommendatory bodyUpliftment of the schedule castes of the constitution with a view to , to promote their social, educational, economic and cultural interests, under special provisions i

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