Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 5 - 9 of 67

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Question 5

Governance and Polity
Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

The size of the cabinet should be as big as governmental work justifies and as big as the Prime Minister can manage as a team. How far the efficacy of a government then is inversely related to the size of the cabinet? Discuss.

Explanation

  • The council of Minister is categorized on the basis of their Political importance, ranks; emoluments. At the top of all these ministers stands the Prime Minister the supreme governing authority of the country.
  • The cabinet minister is the supreme body of the executive having important ministers of central government like home, defense, finance, exter…

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Question 6

Governance and Polity
Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

The Indian constitution has provisions for holding Joint session of the two houses of the parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and the occasions when it cannot with reasons thereof.

Explanation

Joint session is a mechanism provided by the constitution under article 108 to resolve the deadlock between the two houses of the parliament summoned by president and presided over by the speaker of Lok Sabha.

Occasions when the joint sitting can be normally happen are:

  1. Passage of a Bill:
    1. if the bill is rejected by the other house or
    2. if the amendment i…

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Question 7

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Critically examine the Supreme Court՚s judgment on ‘National Judicial Appointment Act 2014’ with reference to appointment of judges of higher judiciary in India.

Explanation

National Judicial appointment commission 2014 was passed by the Parliament of India to regulate the functions of the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) , a body proposed for appointment and transfer of judges to the higher judiciary in India. The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha with the support of State assemblies passed the 99th constituti…

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Question 8

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

How do pressure groups influence Indian Political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure group have emerged as powerful than formal groups in recent years.

Explanation

Pressure groups are vested interest group that exert pressure on government. It is also called interest group. These are two types

  1. Formal Pressure Group: Group like AITUC, FICCI, ASSOCHAM, Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh etc.
  2. Informal Pressure Group: Groups such as caste, subcaste, religious, moral policing group, insider and outer groups.

It influences the po…

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Question 9

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Starting from inventing the ‘basic structure’ doctrine the judiciary has played a highly proactive role in ensuring that India develops into thriving democracy. In light of the statement, evaluate the role played by judicial activism in achieving the ideals of democracy.

Explanation

Doctrine of Basic Structure ″ is an innovative principle of Indian judiciary to protect certain fundamental aspects of our constitution. Supreme Court ruled in Keshwananda Bharti Case (1973) that amendment to the constitution is possible without altering to the basic features of the constitution under Article 368. By this landmark Judgment Judici…

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