Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 62 - 65 of 67

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Question 62

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Essay▾

In the light of new challenges posed by computerisation of government transactions and creation of new regulatory bodies, CAG needs more professionalism in its working, wider power delegation, and fundamental reforms in its structural organisation. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The Comptroller and Auditor General (C&AG) of India is an authority which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.

Duties of CAG:

  • As per the provisions of the constitution, the CAG՚s (DPC) (Duties, Powers a…

… (608 more words) …

Question 63

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What is neo-abolitionism? It is argued that India should assert a leadership role in the global fight against exploitation by countering the influence of neo-abolitionism. What do you understand by this argument? In the light of the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016, discuss critically. (250 Words)

Explanation

Neo Abolitionism:

  • Neo abolitionist (or neo-abolitionist or new abolitionism) is a term used by historians to refer to the rebirth of the civil rights movement in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
  • Neo abolitionism is a discourse that perpetuates sensationalist accounts of modern slaves as victims tricked by unscrupulous traffickers and whose only hope i…

… (404 more words) …

Question 64

Governance and Polity
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The Supreme Court is definitely facing an institutional crisis of the kind that it has never faced before, mainly, but not exclusively, on account of the most ferocious attack ever on the judiciary by the executive. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court of India is facing its worst crisis of credibility since the Emergency. With an occasional exception, the quality of the court՚s reasoning, the inconstancy of its judgment, the abdication of its constitutional role in some cases, and its overreach in others, are already denting its authority.
  • The most telling indicator…

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Question 65

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Although there can scarcely be any argument against the Chief Justice of India being the master of the roster as a tenet of judicial discipline, it would be naive to consider it an absolute principle of justice delivery. In the light of recent controversy involving the Supreme Court judges, discuss critically. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Recently a five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court led by the Chief Justice of India, in a case concerning corruption arising out of certain judicial proceedings, declared that the Chief Justice is the master of the roster with the sole prerogative to determine which Bench of judges gets to hear which cases.
  • This is the custo…

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