Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 57 - 61 of 67

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Question 57

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Essay▾

Discuss briefly nature and significance of various observations and judgements delivered by the Supreme Court on the issues dealing with electoral reform during last few years. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court till today continued with trend that started 40 years ago and strove for electoral reforms through its various judgements.
  • Mohinder Singh Gill: Judicial decisions ushering in electoral reforms started in 1978, when the SC interpreted Article 324 of the Constitution to empower the Election Commission (EC) with unbridled…

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Question 58

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In India, the process of removing a judge – if found guilty of corruption or judicial impropriety – is too elaborate and somewhat cumbersome. Comment on the existing procedure and suggest reforms. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

With an in-house committee concluding that a judge of the Allahabad High Court had committed judicial impropriety serious enough to warrant his removal, the subject of corruption in the higher judiciary is in the news.

Existing Procedure:

  • The Constitution of India, through Article 124 (4) empowers the parliament to initiate the process of …

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Question 59

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All the states in India are justified and constitutionally empowered to adopt their own flag to uphold the pride of their State without infringing the law. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

of late, the demand for a state flag has been gaining traction in This raised the debate whether states are allowed to have a separate flag or not.

No Issue:

  • Under the Constitution, a flag is not enumerated in the Seventh Schedule. It is clear that there is no prohibition under the Constitution to hoist any flag other than the national fla…

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Question 60

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Essay▾

What are the main features of India՚s anti-defection law? Also examine interpretations and recommendations made by the courts and committees on the law. Do you think, instead of the Speaker, the decision on defections should be decided by an external neutral body such as the Election Commission? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The main intent of the law was to combat “the evil of political defections” . However, over the years there have been criticisms over the disqualifications and several issues in relation to the working of this law which need to be discussed.

Features of Anti-Defection Law:

Disqualification:

If a member of a house belonging to a political pa…

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Question 61

Governance and Polity
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Essay▾

There is a widely held belief that voters in India, especially the poor, sell their votes in exchange for cash, liquor, saris, and many other such goodies. Do you agree with this belief? Substantiate. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Elections in India are a hugely expensive affair. Large amounts of money are collected by political parties and spent during the elections. Though there is a prescribed ceiling for the candidates election expenditure, there is no limit on the expenditure political parties can incur. A large component of this money originates from dubio…

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