Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 48 - 52 of 66

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Question 48

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Discuss briefly nature and significance of various observations and judgements delivered by the Supreme Court on the issues dealing with electoral reform during last few years. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Supreme Court of India’s collegium system, which appoints judges to the nation’s constitutional courts, has its genesis in, and continued basis resting on, three of its own judgments which are collectively known as the Three Judges Cases. A formula was invented to appoint judges in higher judiciary.
  • The court evolved the principle o

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Question 49

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Regulators do not exist in a vacuum outside government policy and while regulators have independence in performing their role, they still fall within the broad definition of the executive branch of the State and are accountable to the legislature. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The regulatory state came into its own in India in the post-liberalization era.
  • To simultaneously ensure regulatory independence and implementation of regulations consistent with government policies, legislative oversight of regulators is necessary.

Regulators Need Independence Because:

  • The regulator is able to set up a specialised workforc

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Question 50

Governance and Polity
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What is exit poll? Does the decision to ban exit polls by the Election Commission go against freedom of speech and expression? Critically comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • An election exit poll is a poll of voters taken immediately after they have exited the polling stations. Unlike an opinion poll, which asks for whom the voter plans to vote, or some similar formulation, an exit poll asks for whom the voter actually voted. A similar poll conducted before actual voters have voted is called an entrance po

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Question 51

Governance and Polity
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The Supreme Court’s recent decision on information disclosure (Lok Prahari v. Union of India) paves a way for future constitutional interventions in India’s party funding regime, including the scheme of electoral bonds. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • Supreme Court, over the last few decades, has readily stepped in to introduce electoral reforms. However, most of these interventions are directed at candidates, and rarely at the parties.
  • The Lok Prahari decision paves a way for future constitutional interventions in India’s party funding regime, including the scheme of electoral bonds.

L

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Question 52

Governance and Polity
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In recent years a series of Supreme Court verdicts have at aimed preserving the purity of the electoral process. Analyse these verdicts. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Recently Supreme court gave a judgement which is one more in a long line of significant verdicts aimed at preserving the purity of the electoral process.

SC Judgements Preserving the Purity of Electoral Process and Their Significance:

Latest Judgement:

  • The Supreme Court has imposed an additional disclosure norm for candidates contesting ele

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