Governance and Polity [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 1 - 4 of 68

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Question 1

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?

Explanation

Indian Polity & Governance

With the enactment of 69AA in 1991, the face of the Delhi from a Union Territory was changed to National Capital Territory and this act also paves way for the inclusion of two articles 239AA and 239AB, which deals with the special provisions with respect to Delhi.

The essentials of the 69th CAA can be summed up as follows:

  • T…

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Question 2

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

“Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people՚s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in context of India.

Explanation

Rule of Law in Image
  • Good governance system may be a dream of every citizen of a country and to achieve it, the need for effective participation of the people comes as the first essential thing to be fulfilled. Secondly, transparency in the governance system seems to be important in order to avoid the corruption and to improve the effectiveness. Res…

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Question 3

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

“The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.

Explanation

The Indian Party System
  • In a democratic country like ours, a party system just refers to the system of government by the political parties. The party systems can be divided into three: one party system, two party system and multi party system. In the one party system, only one ruling party exists and no opposition is permitted whereas in the two-par…

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Question 4

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Exercise of CAG՚s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government՚s policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.

Explanation

The Government՚S Policy
  • The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is known as the watchdog of government finances and its functioning. His main role is to make the Indian government exposed to transparency and accountability in the areas of legislature as well as civil society. The CAG looks into the working and performance of different gov…

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