Constitution-Provisions and Basic Structure [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 1 - 4 of 8

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Question 1

Provisions and Basic Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression” ? Does it cover hat speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different from other forms of expression? Discuss.

Explanation

  • The constitution of India under Article 19 of the fundamental rights provides for the freedom of speech and expression which empowers very citizen the right to express his views, opinions, belief and conviction and freely by word or mouth, writing, printing, picturing or in any other manner.
  • The freedom of speech and expression is an integral part o…

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Question 2

Provisions and Basic Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

The ‘Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its members’ as envisaged in Article 105 of the Constitution leave room for a large number of un-codified and un-enumerated privileges to continue. Assess the reasons for the absence of legal codification of the Parliamentary Privileges. How can this problem be addressed?

Explanation

The power, privileges immunities to Parliament and its members are enumerated in article 105 of the constitution and the procedures regulating it passed by the Parliament.

Some of the power, privileges, special rights and exemptions enjoyed by the Parliament are:

  • It has right to publish its reports. The press is freed to publish its report without pr…

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Question 3

Provisions and Basic Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Instances of President՚s delay in commuting death sentences has come under public debate as denial of justice. Should there be a time limit specified for the President to accept/reject such petitions? Analyze.

Explanation

  • The constitution of India under article 72 empowers the president of India to commute the death sentence but without any time frame. The mercy petition given by the convicted person is delayed but it doesn՚t ultra vires or null and void.
  • But delay in accepting, rejecting on such petitions adds on suffering of the petitioner and their families with m…

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Question 4

Provisions and Basic Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Constitutional mechanism to resolve the interstate water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.

Explanation

  • The constitution of India contains elaborate provisions to deal with interstate water disputes. Despite this, many of these disputes have dragged on and haven՚t been resolved ever. Article 263 enshrined in the constitution provides for the creation of interstate council to inquire upon and advise upon the disputes which may have arisen between stat…

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