Constitution-Features [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 6 - 9 of 9

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Question 6

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Essay▾

‘Essentially all that is contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life.’ Critically examine this statement. (Paper - I)

Explanation

  • Part IV-A enshrined in the constitution on the recommendation of Sardar Swarn singh committee and enacted in nd constitutional amendment act in 1976. the fundamental duties in Indian constitution are inspired by the constitution of erstwhile USSR.
  • During the operation of internal emergency in 1975 - 77. it was stressed that the citizens should becom…

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Question 7

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Access to justice is a part of the fundamental right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution. Discuss in the light of recent events. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Article 21 reads as: “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.”
  • According to Bhagwati, J. , Article 21 ″ embodies a constitutional value of supreme importance in a democratic society. ″ Iyer, J. , has characterized Article 21 as ″ the procedural magna carta protectiv…

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Question 8

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Essay▾

The US constitution in all its provisions looks to an “Indestructible union composed of indestructible state” while on the other hand India is “Indestructible union of destructible state” . Compare.

Explanation

Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and constituent political units. The Constitution of India establishes a federal structure to the Indian government, declaring it to be a “Union of States.” Indian model of federalism is called quasi-federal system as it contains major features of both a fede…

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Question 9

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The Indian constitution has provision for holding Joint Sitting of two houses of parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this could normally happen also when it cannot happen with reason the of.

Explanation

  • India has a Bicameral legislature; passage of any bill requires concurrence of both the houses. Where deadlock happens between them the President will summon Joint sitting.
  • Article 108 provides joint sitting of both the houses, presided over by speaker of both the houses. Quorum is one tenth of the total members of the houses and passed by a simple …

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