Constitution [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 22 - 28 of 30

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Question 22

Constitution
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

‘Essentially all that is contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life.’ Critically examine this statement. (Paper - I)

Explanation

  • Part IV-A enshrined in the constitution on the recommendation of Sardar Swarn singh committee and enacted in nd constitutional amendment act in 1976. the fundamental duties in Indian constitution are inspired by the constitution of erstwhile USSR.
  • During the operation of internal emergency in 1975 - 77. it was stressed that the citizens should becom…

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Question 23

Constitution
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Essay▾

The Aadhar and other laws amendment bill 2018 passed by the Lok Sabha goes against the supreme Court judgement which had declared section 57 of the Aadhar as unconstitutional. Discuss.

Explanation

  • In the case of Puttuswamy vs. Union of India, the Supreme Court had declared that the Right to privacy shall be a fundamental right in India. Subsequently a bunch of petitions were filed before the Supreme Court, wherein in the petitioners had argued that since Aadhaar entails a collection of biometric data it would lead to creation of surveillance…

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Question 24

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Essay▾

How is the Finance Commission of India constituted? What do you know about the terms of reference of the recently constituted Finance Commission? Discuss.

Explanation

  • Recently, the Union Government with the approval President of India has constituted 15th Finance Commission which will make recommendations for the five years commencing 1 April 2020 till 31 March 2025. NK Singh, former bureaucrat and ex-Member of Parliament will be Chairman of 15th Finance Commission.
  • Finance commission is a quasi-judicial body. It…

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Question 25

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Essay▾

Write a note on Section 4 of the RTI Act.

Explanation

Recently, Central Information Commission (CIC) has undertaken a transparency audit to ascertain the quality of suo-motu disclosures under Section 4 of the RTI Act made by various public authorities.

Related news

  • India recently ranked 6th in the global RTI ranking.
  • The Right to Information Rating is a program founded by Access Info Europe (AIE) and the…

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Question 26

Constitution
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Essay▾

Under what circumstances can the Financial Emergency be proclaimed by the President of India? What consequences follow when such a declaration remains in force?

Explanation

  • Emergency Provisions have been inserted in the Constitution for dealing with extraordinary situations that may threaten the peace, security, stability and governance of the country. They are included in part XVIII from articles 352 to 360.
  • The Article 360 empowers the President to proclaim a Financial Emergency if he is satisfied that a situation ha…

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Question 27

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Essay▾

“The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has a very vital role to play.” Explain how this is reflected in the method and terms of his appointment as well as the range of powers he can exercise.

Explanation

  • The Comptroller and Auditor General CAG is the guardian of the public purse and controls the entire financial system of the country at both the levels of the Centre and the state.
  • His duty is to uphold the Constitution of India and laws of Parliament in the field of financial administration. The Constitution of India in its Article 148 provides for …

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Question 28

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Essay▾

Did the Constitution mark a moment of discontinuity with the colonial past, and a desire to transform Indian political and social structures? Or was it simply a transfer of political power and a change of rulers, leaving underlying institutional arrangements intact? Discuss.

(250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Indian constitution though borrowed features from other countries it had its uniqueness and flexibility that is why it is called a living document. Even after so many changes in the society, the Constitution continues to work effectively because of this ability to be dynamic, to be open to interpretations and the ability to respond to th…

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