Modern Indian History [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 1 (Geography, Art & Culture, and History)]: Questions 7 - 14 of 29

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Question 7

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Highlight the importance of the new objectives that got added to the vision of Indian Independence since the twenties of the last century. (250 words)

Explanation

The Indian Independence movement took a vigorous turn after the 1920՚s. Many important leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Pt. Nehru too entered the scene. Thus many new objectives were added to the freedom struggle the importance of which is discussed below:

  • Non Coperation/Civil disobedience/Non-Violence: The idea of resisting the law by willfully breakin…

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Question 8

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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What are the two major legal initiatives by the State since Independence addressing discrimination against Scheduled Tribes (STs) ? (150 words)

Explanation

Though many legal initiatives were taken to stop discrimination against the Scheduled Tribes (ST՚s) , two of the most important are discussed below.

The Two Important Point

Constitutional provisions:

  • Right to equality (A-14) and protection of economic and educational interests of weaker sections of society provide equal access to law and also a privil…

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Question 9

Modern Indian History
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Explain-causes of fall of Maurya Empire.

Explanation

Image Shows Decline of the Maurya Empire
  • Brahmanical reaction: This reaction began as a result of Ashoka՚s policy. He issued edicts in Prakrit language instead of Sanskrit.
    • He put ban on killings of bird, animal. Ashoka adopted Buddhism and it made him to keep anti sacrificial attitude.
    • He introduced ‘vyavaharasamata’ and ‘dandasamata’ which means-sam…

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Question 10

Modern Indian History
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What might have been the motivation behind 1857 revolt? Was it religious, patriotic or anything else?

Explanation

  • It is right that we can see the lacking of ‘All India feeling’ at that time. People were limited to local patriotism and they could not even think about the domination of any other power over princely state.
  • But, still it is not possible to figure out any specific reason behind 1857 revolt. There were some more reasons behind the revolt apart from r…

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Question 11

Modern Indian History
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To what extent economic cause contributed to the first war for independence of 1857?

Explanation

Many historians see economic factor as the root cause of the Revolution of 1857. As this factor affeced a large section of Indian society. Imposition of exploitative land revenue system in India during Colonial rule ruined the Indian economy which was mainly based on agriculture and craft. Colonial rule policies like permanent settlement in Bengal,…

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Question 12

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to other colonies? Have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there?

Explanation

The Indentured Labour is a system of bonded labour that came to existence after the abolition of slavery. British government recruited bonded labours from India to work under a contract. British government recruited people from India to work in their sugar, cotton and tea plantations in West Indies, Malaya, Maldives and Africa.

The reasons behind wh…

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Question 13

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times.

Explanation

“Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.” Mahatma Gandhi entered National movement with some ideals which he never compromised. He even handled pressure of his fellow men and face death but never gave away his ideals.

Significance of Gandhi՚s Ideas

  • Truth: Gandhiji was always believe in truth and he always tru…

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Question 14

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Compare and contrast Rash Behari Bose՚s contribution to India՚s freedom struggle with that of Subhash Chandra Bose՚s. (250 Words February)

Explanation

Background:

The contribution of both Rash Behari Bose and Subhash Chandra Bose to the Indian freedom struggle has been significant.

Similarities:

  • Both believed the role of armed forces play in the political growth of a nation.
  • Both advocated single-minded focus on freedom struggle and denounced the dilution of the movement for national liberation throu…

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