Modern Indian History [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 1 (Geography, Art & Culture, and History)]: Questions 1 - 6 of 29

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Question 1

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the freedom struggle.

Explanation

  • Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose, both of their contributions in the Indian Freedom struggle cannot be undermined at the cost of anyone. Though the methods adopted by them were different, the aim was same.
  • Gandhi adopted the policy of non-violence and choose the moderate path. He aimed at achieving the Independence without using armaments but

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Question 2

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B R Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate. (Comparing good and average answer)

Explanation

Good answer:

Both Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar wanted the upliftment of the poor but had differences in their way of thinking and also in their means of reforms.

Table shows the views of mahatma gandhi and dr. ambedkar
Goals/IdealsViews of Mahatma GandhiViews of Dr. Ambedkar
Varna systemReform of Varna system- Varna shall be designated as per a person’s duty and not by his/her birth.Total abolishment of Varna System.

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Question 3

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Clarify how mid-eighteenth century India was beset with the spectre of a fragmented polity. (150 words) (Comparing good and average answer)

Explanation

Good answer

Mid eighteenth century India was divided on political lines and many wars took place which did not allow for any continuation or coherence of policies.

The reason for these being:

  • Fall of the Mughals:
    • After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, there was a fall in the power of Mughals which gave rise to powerful local kingdoms such as, Bengal, A

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Question 4

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Why did the ‘Moderates’ failed to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century? (150 words) (Comparing good and average answer)

Explanation

Good answer

Moderates are referred as the early nationalists in India who fought using constitutional means through petitions. Some of the well known moderates are: Dadabhai Naoroji, Ferozeshah Mehta, M. G. Ranade, Subramanian Iyer, etc.

A part of the section thought that the British rule was good for India. But they soon failed to convince the peopl

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Question 5

Modern Indian History
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss. (Comparing good and average answer)

Explanation

Good answer:

Generally, Mahatma Gandhi is the name that comes to our minds when we think of personalities associated with Indian freedom struggle. Without the Mahatma our freedom struggle would have been totally different in the following ways:

  • Lack of Mass movements: There would have been a lack of mass movements in a real sense. He was instrumental

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Question 6

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years, but its experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss. (Comparing good and average answer)

Explanation

Good Answer:

Drafting the worlds lengthiest constitution right after a foreign rule for more than two centuries in a country with such diversity and geo-economic range is a challenging task. Constituent assembly got a basic framework of the constitution from the previous GoI Act 1935 in many ways. The following ideas were carried forward to the cons

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