Indian Society [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 1 (Geography, Art & Culture, and History)]: Questions 27 - 32 of 47

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Question 27

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

‘Despite implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing.’ Explain by giving reasons.

Explanation

  • strued mainly in an economic dimension. But that is a limited approach. A broader approach is needed which considers poverty from economic, social and political dimensions to effectively tackle it.

Government policies and schemes -

  • Government have launched an ambitious programme MNREGA which aims to provide 100 days՚ work in rural area.
  • Most of the st…

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Question 28

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Globalization is generally said to promote cultural homogenization but cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian Society” Elucidate.

Explanation

The Globalisation refers to the increased interconnectedness due to technological advancements leading to a shrinking of world. Though thought of as an economic phenomenon, it is now accepted to impact all spheres of life – political, social and cultural. However, the relationship between globalisation and culture is a complex one. Globalisation ha…

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Question 29

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Efficient management of urban solid waste has positive implications for global warming. Examine. (250 Words February)

Explanation

Background:

Activities involved in the management of solid waste generate (GHGs) carbon dioxide, methane, and small amounts of nitrous oxide. GHG emissions from solid waste disposal by India increased at the rate of 3.1 per cent per annum between 2000 and 2010.

How Effective Management of Urban Solid Waste Has Positive Implications for Global Warming…

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Question 30

Indian Society
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

The philosophical and religious currents of thought in Brahmanism and Buddhism gave rise in India to two forms of society strongly opposed. Analyse. (250 Words February February)

Explanation

Background:

Buddhist society is a society with features essentially opposed to those of the Brahminic society, and because it proclaims the equality of all human beings and denies that birth and belonging to a social group grant rights and privileges.

How the Society is Impacted: Occupation:

  • Brahmanism fixed for the members of each caste the occupatio…

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Question 31

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

The recent 2017 amendment to the Maternity Benefit Act of 1961 (Amendment) is a step forward in the right direction towards increasing gender diversity at the workplace. Comment. (150 Words November)

Explanation

Introduction:

In 2012, which is the most recent data available, only 27 % of Indian women worked compared to 55 % in OECD countries and 63 % in East Asia. This deficit shaves off an estimated 2.5 % from the country՚s gross domestic product every year. The amendments to the Maternity Benefit Act, which were introduced this year, in particular the pro…

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Question 32

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Critically comment why and how female genital mutilation (FGM) practices such as khatna or khafz that are practised in India and elsewhere must be prevented. Also comment on implications of practises such as FGM on human rights and gender equality. (250 Words February)

Explanation

Background:

  • Two hundred million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) , and another 15 million girls are at risk of experiencing it by 2020 in high prevalence countries.
  • Despite decades of concerted efforts to eradicate or abandon the practice, and the increased need for clear guidance on the tre…

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