Indian Society [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 1 (Geography, Art & Culture, and History)]: Questions 20 - 26 of 47

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Question 20

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism giving one example of how the former has got transformed into the latter in independent India. (250 words)

Explanation

  • Religion is a commitment to a set of ideas, be it moral, spiritual or supernatural. Generally, religion means service and worship of God/supernatural and also an adherence to a set of ideas. Religiousness/religiosity is the amount of commitment to the ideas of a religion.
  • For eg: A major part of Hinduism proposes the idea of lacto-vegetarianism. Amo…

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Question 21

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment.

Explanation

  • Ever since its emergence, caste system has time and again changed its form. Initially, which was based on a person՚s profession later came to be based on birth. The general assumption, post-independence, that caste system would become vague, irrelevant and obsolete as the nation would grow and prosper, has been proven wrong with future developments…

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Question 22

Indian Society
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

How the Indian concept of secularism is different from the western model of secularism? Discuss.

Explanation

  • The discrimination of one community or its members by another community or its members on account of their religious identity are the instances of religious persecution and they reflect inter- religious domination. Secularism is the first and foremost doctrine that opposes all such forms of inter- religious domination.
  • As Secularism is opposed to al…

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Question 23

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.” Argue by giving suitable illustrations.

Explanation

  • Communalism refers to the ideology which states that society is divided into different religious communities whose interests differ from, and at times oppose, each other. The Indian society has been regarded as a melting pot of various religions that have been tolerant of each other.
  • However, the British policy of divide and rule laid the foundation…

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Question 24

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India.

Explanation

  • In the year 2000, we saw the formation of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand after years of struggle against injustice and exploitation had nourished hopes of democracy. This also had an economic angle where states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand were mineral rich but yet were underdeveloped when compared to the rest of the country.
  • Benefits to…

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Question 25

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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″ Women՚s movement in India has not addressed the issues of women of lower social strata. Substantiate your view.

Explanation

The Women՚s movement in India has transformed itself from the days of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar to fight for women՚s rights. In their time, it was the upper social strata who were subjected to inhumane practices like Sati. However, the scenario seems to have changed today. Women of lower social strata either belonging to lower …

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Question 26

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success.

Explanation

The UNDP՚s 2016 Human Development Index had ranked India at 131 out of 188 countries. A closer look at the data revealed high heterogeneity in the living standards in India. There are significant inter-state and inter-district variations. It was thus suggested that by uplifting the districts which have shown relatively lesser progress in achieving …

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