Geography [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 1 (Geography, Art & Culture, and History)]: Questions 22 - 29 of 38

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Question 22

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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In what way can floods be converted into a sustainable source of irrigation and all-weather inland navigation in India? (250 words)

Explanation

India is a land of paradoxes where a certain region experiences devastating floods while the other experiences severe drought. These two regions need not be thousands of miles apart. Also in India less than 1 % of cargo movement is through inland navigation while it is about 21 % in the United States of America.

With almost half of the population en

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Question 23

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India’s climate is controlled by a number of factors. Elucidate.

Explanation

  • Indian climate is controlled by some factors that which related to location, air pressure and winds. They are:
    • Latitude: North Indian part lies in between sub-tropical and temperate zone, southern part lying tropic of cancer falls in tropical zone. For being nearer to the equator, tropical zone experiences high temperature with small daily annual ra

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Question 24

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Indian farming sector is unable to meet the demand of its growing population despite the implementation of many government policies explain.

Explanation

A recent report of FAO of United Nation organisation said that by 2050 the population of the world would be 9.1 billion with an increase of 70%. In agriculture sector production must be increased by 70 % to meet the growing demand of the population. So developing countries have to play a crucial and cautious role to meet the growing demand of food

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Question 25

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Why is India taking keen interest in resources of Arctic Region?

Explanation

  • In July 2018, India renamed the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) as the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research. Since 1998, it has been mandated with conducting expeditions to India’s base stations to the continent.
  • It’s also in talks with Canada and Russia, key countries with presence in the Arctic Circle, to establish

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Question 26

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics.

Explanation

An industrial corridor is basically a corridor comprising of multi-modal transport servicesthrough the states as main arteryrail and road feeder links that shall provide last mile connectivity that would pass . Freight cargo from industrial and NMIZ located up to a distance of 100 - 150 km on both sides of this main artery will be brought to the in

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Question 27

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics.

Explanation

A mantle plumeupwelling of abnormally hot rock within the Earth’s mantleplumes can partly melt when they reach shallow depthshotspotsHawaii and Iceland as both have volcanic activity is an . As the heads of mantle , they are thought to be the cause of volcanic centres known as . Two of the most well-known locations that fit the mantle plume theory

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Question 28

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation?

Explanation

IRNSS stands for Indian Regional Navigation Satellite Systemset of satellitesregional positioning system similar to the GPS. It is a which together can provide India a .

The Significance of the IRNSS can be given as follows,

  • The system is aimed to provide better communication services‘Standard Positioning Services’‘Restricted Services’ provided to au

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Question 29

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system. How can it be made effective in urban areas?

Explanation

  • India supports 18 % of World Population4 % of World Fresh Water resources30 % of springs crucial to water security of people are drying and 50 % have reported reduced discharge. yet has only . The NITI Aayog further reports on Himalayan Region that
  • Further, Groundwater in India provides for about 60 percent of the country’s irrigation needs50 percen

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