GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Social Psychology-Group and Intergroup Processes Study Material (Page 2 of 11)

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Theories of Intergroup Relations: Relative Deprivation Theory

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Relative Deprivation Theory

Relative deprivation implies the lack of resources to sustain the diet, lifestyle, activities and amenities that an individual or group are accustomed to or that are widely encouraged or approved in the society to which they belong.

  • Measurement of relative deprivation provides objective comparison between the members of any group to that of rest of the society or else condition of a group member to rest of the society.
  • Robert K Merton used the concept of relative deprivation for the first time to understand about the social deviance.

Walter Runciman՚S Theory

Preconditions

Walter Runciman gave four preconditions for re…

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Theories of Intergroup Relations: Realistic Conflict Theory

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Realistic Conflict Theory

Realistic conflict theory named by Donald Campbell explains how intergroup hostility can arise as a result of conflicting goals and competition over limited resources, and it also offers an explanation for the feelings of prejudice and discrimination toward the out-group that accompany the intergroup hostility. It is a social psychological model of inter group conflict also known as realistic group conflict theory.

  • According to this theory, the perceived value and shortage of the given resources determines the length a…

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