GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Sensation and Perception-Attention Study Material (Page 2 of 3)

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Attention: Effects and Classification of Attention

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Effects of Attention

Attention has following effects

  • It helps in bringing mental awareness and alertness
  • It helps in providing deeper concentration by focusing on consciousness
  • It equips and individual to distinguish and identify object of attention from others
  • It acts as reinforcement of sensory process and in better organization
  • It provides strength and ability to continue the task of cognitive functioning
  • When attention is paid to an object this yields better results in form of amount and quantity of learning, remembering, training and thinking

Classification of Attention

  • Non-Volitional: This is aroused without the will coming into play and a person attends to an object or idea without any con…

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Attention: Factors or Determinants of Attention and Shifting of Attention

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Factors or Determinants of Attention

  • External Factors affecting Attention: Attention depends on following external factors
    • Nature of stimuli
    • Intensity and size of stimuli
    • Contrast, change and variety of stimuli
    • Repetition of stimuli
    • Movement of stimuli
  • Internal Factors affecting Attention: Attention depends on following factors internal to the observer
    • Interest and attention of the observer
    • Motives of the observer
    • Mindset of the observer

Shifting of Attention

When t…

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