GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Personality-Personality and Behavior Study Material (Page 4 of 15)

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Traits of Personality: Definition and Classification



Allport defines personality traits on eight criteria

  • The existence of trait is more than negligible
  • Traits are more generalized than habits
  • Traits are dynamic and determinative
  • Existence of the trait can be established on statistical or experience basis
  • Various traits are independent of each other
  • Psychologically moral qualities are not the personality traits
  • Habits that are not traits do not give proof of traits
  • Traits are unique and universal


Allport classified traits into three groups

  • Cardinal Traits: The

… (97 more words) …

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Traits of Personality: Genotypes and Phenotypes


Genotypes and Phenotypes

Allport hypothesized the idea of internal and external forces that influence an individual’s behavior. These forces generate behavior and are the basis for the creation of individual traits.

  • Genotypes are internal forces and relate to how a person retains information and uses it to interact with the external world.
  • Phenotypes are external forces and relate to the way an individual accepts his surroundings and how others influence their behavior.

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