GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Personality-Personality and Behavior Study Material (Page 2 of 15)

Subscribe now to access pointwise, categorized & easy to understand notes on 600 key topics of GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology covering entire 2021 syllabus. With online notes get latest & updated content on the device of your choice. View complete topic-wise distribution of study material. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Features or View Sample.

Rs. 750.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Seligman՚s Explanatory Styles: Aspects of Explanatory Styles

Edit

During 1970s Martin Seligman proposed a concept of “learned helplessness” . Learned helplessness is behavior occurring when the subject endures repeatedly painful or otherwise aversive stimuli which it is unable to escape from or avoid. Later the subject learns to “escape” or “avoid” such situations. He developed two types of explanatory styles on the basis of this learned helplessness viz. , optimistic and pessimistic explanatory style.

  • Pessimistic Explanatory Style: People who generally tend t…

… (246 more words) …

Subscribe & login to view complete study material.

Kohlberg՚s Theory of Moral Development: Stages of Moral Development

Edit

Lawerence Kohlberg was greatly influenced by the theories of Jean Piaget but rejected the age classification used by Piaget. According to Piaget, morality develops through constructive stages. However, according to Kohlberg, theory of moral development is based on moral reasoning, which is the basis for ethical behavior. Kohlberg found six identifiable stages of moral development and explained that the development of morality is mainly based on justice and it develops throughout the life time.

Stages of Moral Development

He explained about six stages of moral development which are grouped in to three levels viz. , Pre-conventional, conventional and…

… (466 more words) …

Subscribe & login to view complete study material.