GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Personality-Personality and Behavior Study Material (Page 15 of 15)

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Learning Approach: Dollard and Miller՚s Learning Reinforcement Theory and Bandura and Walter՚s Social Learning Theory

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This approach gives emphasis on importance of learning and objectivity

Dollard and Miller՚S Learning Reinforcement Theory

In this theory, they tried to substitute

  • Freud՚s concept of pleasure with concept of reinforcement,
  • Concept of ego with concept of learned drive and learned skills
  • Concept of conflict with competing reinforcers

They tried to describe the development of perso…

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Existential Theory by Rollo May

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Existentialists emphasized a balance between freedom and responsibility.

Rollo May discussed the following stages:

  • Innocence: Pre-egoic, pre-self-conscious stage of the infant. The innocent is premoral, i.e.. is neither bad nor good.
  • Rebellion: Childhood and adolescent stage of developing one՚s ego or self-consciousness by means of contrast with adults, from the “no” of the two year old to the “no way” of the teenager.
  • Ordi…

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