GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Personality-Personality and Behavior Study Material (Page 14 of 15)

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Humanistic Approach: Carl Roger՚s Self-Theory


Carl Roger՚S Self-Theory

Carl Roger has stressed the importance of individual self for determining the process of growth, development, and adjustment to environment. Two basic systems underlying the personality are organism and self. Roger considers them as systems operating in one՚s phenomenological field.

  • Organism is the individual՚s entire frame of reference and works as a totality of his experience.
  • Self is the accepted and aware part of the experience and can be best understood as I, Me, and Myself.

Carl Rogers՚ theory of the self is considered humanistic and phenomenological. His theory is based directly on the phenomenal field personality theory of Combs and Snygg. It is based on nineteen propositions:

  • All…

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Humanistic Approach: Goal of Humanistic Therapy


Goal of Humanistic Therapy

The fully functioning person has the following characteristics:

  • Openness to experience, with no defensiveness necessary
  • Self and experiences are congruent and is able to change to accommodate new experiences
  • The organismic valuing process is used to evaluate experiences, rather than conditions of worth
  • Unconditional self-regard
  • Existential living: “What I will be in the next moment, an…

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