GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Memory-Memory Theories, Applications and Issues Study Material (Page 3 of 3)

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Metacognition: Elements of Metacognition


Metacognition is defined as ‘cognition about cognition’ or ‘knowing about knowing’. It can take many forms & includes knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning or for problem solving. Metacognition involves:

  • Knowledge and control of self
  • Knowledge and control of process

Elements of Metacognition

  • Metamemory: Metamemory refers to learner awareness of whic

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Metamemory: Components of Metamemory


Metamemory refers to a person’s knowledge about the contents and regulation of memory. In broad terms, it is the thinking about thinking. The term originally derives from the work of John H. Flavell in the early 1970’s. Metamemory enables a person to reflect on and monitor memory.

Metamemory is one of the components of metacognition and is about the memory capabilities and strategies that can aid memory and the processes involved in memory self-monitoring. In addition, meta-memorial knowl

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