GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Memory-Memory Theories, Applications and Issues Study Material (Page 2 of 3)

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Amnesia: Types of Amnesia


Types of Amnesia

  • Transient Global Amnesia: A temporary loss of all memory, but it particularly affects the ability to form new memories (severe anterograde amnesia), with milder loss of past memories (retrograde amnesia) going back to a few hours. It is rare and is most common among older persons with vascular disease.
  • Neurological Amnesia: It is caused by specific kinds of damage to the brain, generally in the region where the hippocampus is located. The damage may result from a cranial trauma (a blow to the head), a cerebrovascular accident (a burst artery in the brain), a tumor (if it presses against part of the brain), hypoxia (lack of oxygen), certain kinds of encephalitis, chronic a

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Papez’S Circuit


Described by James Papez in 1937, the Papez circuit is one of the major pathways of the limbic system and is chiefly involved in the cortical control of emotion. The Papez circuit plays a role in storing memory

According to “Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain”, “Reflecting on the earlier work of Cannon, Bard, and others, James Papez proposed that there is an ‘emotion system, ’ lying on the medial wall of the brain, that links the cortex with the hypothalamus. Papez believed that the experience of emotion was determined by activity in the cingul

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