GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Memory-Memory Systems and Processes Study Material (Page 2 of 2)

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Memory Process

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Types and characteristics of memory
CharacteristicsSensorySTMLTM
Duration1 - 5 seconds30 secondsDays to years
CapacityUp to 16 itemsUp to 7 items or chunksUnlimited Large
Transfer-Attention and recognition to transfer to STMRehearsal to transfer to LTM
Nature of information storedCopy of inputVisual, image or soundsSentences, images or concepts
Loss of information reasonsDecay of memoryDisplacement of informationFaulty organization, interferences

For the memory process to begin, one must first encounter some stimulus, which goes into sensory storage.

  • Sensory Storage: This is the immed

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Factors Affecting Memorization: Memory Training

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The following factors affect memorization

  • Willingness to learn
  • Learners interest and attention
  • Adopting proper method of memorizing
  • Following the principles of association
  • Grouping and rhythm
  • Utilizing as many senses as possible for learning
  • Arranging for better learning situations
  • Learner’s internal factors
  • Provision of change from learning activity and proper rest
  • Repetition and practice
  • Using specific methods such as
  • Recitation method
  • Whole and part method
  • Spaced and unpacked method (method of distributed and massed practice)
  • “SQ-4R” Technique: Survey, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite and

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