GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Lifespan Development-Socialization, Family and Cultural Influences Study Material (Page 3 of 3)

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Socialization: Forms of Socialization


Forms of Socialization

Socialization can take various forms like

  • Negativism
  • Imitation
  • Aggression
  • Quarrelling
  • Cooperation
  • Ascendant behavior
  • Selfishness
  • Sympathy
  • Social approval
  • Sex cleavage (Restriction of a child’s friendship choices to children of same gender)

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Socialization: Agencies of Socialization


Agencies of Socialization

  • Family: Studies show that juvenile delinquency arises from families who have lacked in social relations. Man behaves in society accordingly. Family contentment, peace, economic position, and flexible mind are most important. Authoritarian parents rely on strict rules and regulations to enforce desired behavior. Permissive parents employ no punishment and allow their children to do whatever they want to do. Democratic parents employ explanation, discussion, and reasoning to help children understand why they are expected to behave in a certain way.
  • Role of Mother: Mother influences, nature of attachment, feeling of security, & feeling of more emotional and social competence in the child.
  • Role

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Socialization: Socialization Approaches and Theories of Socialization


Socialization Approaches

  • Behavioristic Approach: It states that behavior, which is rewarded, is repeated and behavior, which is punished, is not exhibited. Hence, learning occurs due to rewards. Proponents of behavioristic theory tend to see people as essentially passive, and they assume that behavioral of a person is the output of environmental conditioning. However, social learning theory of Bandura argues that learning does not occur due to rewards only. A good deal of learning occurs due to imitation. This type of learning occurs in more people, especially if the person exhibiting this behavior is rew

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