GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Lifespan Development-Nature-Nurture Study Material (Page 1 of 3)

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Hereditary & Environment (Nature or Nurture Issue): Nature Vs. Nurture and the Nature Theory: Heredity


Nature vs. Nurture

It has been reported that the use of the terms nature and nurture as a convenient catch-phrase for the roles of heredity and environment in human development can be traced back to 13th century France. Some scientists think that people behave as they do according to genetic predispositions or even animal instincts. This is known as the “nature” theory of human behavior. Other scientists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are t

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Hereditary & Environment (Nature or Nurture Issue): the Nurture Theory: Environment


The Nurture Theory: Environment

Nurture, by contrast, refers to various external or environmental factors to which an individual is exposed from conception to death. These environmental factors involve several dimensions. For example, they include both physical environments (e. g. , secondhand smoking and prenatal nutrition) and social environments (e. g. , the media and peer pressure). In addition, environmental factors vary in their immediacy to the individual; they involve multiple layers of forces, ranging from most immediate (e. g. , families, friends, and neighborhoods) to larger contexts (e. g. , school systems and local governments) to macro factors (e. g. , international politics and global warming)

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