GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Lifespan Development-Emotion Study Material (Page 3 of 8)

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Plutchik՚s Emotional Wheel


Plutchik՚s theory of emotion can be seen more as a description of emotions than an explanation of how emotions work. Robert Plutchik (1980) , an American Psychologist proposed that there is a basic set of emotions experience by everyone. These emotions are innate and directly related to adaptive behavior that is designed to enhance survival in just the same way as the fight or flight response is designed to help in survival.

The table along with diagram below shows major emotions and their relationship to adaptive behaviors.

Plutchik՚s model is based on an emotion wheel. This shows eight basic emotions, some of which have been listed in the table above. …

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Measurement of Emotions: Various Measuring Instruments


Emotions can be measured by gathering three types of data

  • Verbal
  • Physical
  • Expressed Behavior

Various Measuring Instruments

  • Blood Pressure: Sphygmomanometer
  • Pulse Rate: Sphymograph
  • Breath Rate: Pneumograph
  • Muscle Contraction: Dynamometer
  • Skin Response: Psychogalvanometer
  • Brain Waves: EEG
  • Involuntary Movements: Electromyograph
  • Body Sway: Antaximeter
  • Lie Detector (Polygraph) : Records Blood pressure, pulse rate, breath changes caused by guilt using electrical conductance, it was made by Keeper and Larson