GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Learning-Learning Theories, Applications and Issues Study Material (Page 7 of 15)

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Behavior Modification

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Behavior Modification

The application of some of the principles of classical and operant conditioning to changing behavior is called behavior modification. Its major goal is to replace unacceptable responses with acceptable ones. Behavior modification is used in many situations, ranging from therapy to child rearing. Ignoring a child՚s high temper but rewarding the child՚s polite behavior is an example of a behavior modification.

Social Learning Theory

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Social Learning Theory

Social learning theory proposes that much of learning occurs through watching, often in social situations & perceiving what happens to other people. Observational learning is one of the major types of social learning theory.

Contingency Theory

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Contingency theory proposes that for learning to take place, a stimulus must provide the subject information about the likelihood that certain events will occur. Contingency theorists believe that there are types of learning which exist that are not explained by either operant or classical conditioning. Robert Rescorla demonstrated that the pairing of a conditioned stimulus (CS) and unconditioned stimulus (UCS) does not…

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