GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Learning-Learning Theories, Applications and Issues Study Material (Page 10 of 12)

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Insight: Characteristics of Insight


An insight is a new way to organize stimuli or a new approach to solving a problem (eureka effect). A student struggling with an analytical problem who suddenly sees how to solve it without having been taught additional methods has had an insight. Wolfgang Kohler, Gestalt psychologist, demonstrated that chimpanzees could solve problems using insight. Chimpanzees placed in a cage, with bananas beyond their reach, learned that they could pile up boxes or attach one stick to another to reach and obtain the food. The chimpanzees were not reinforced for

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Programmed Learning: Principles of Programmed Learning


Programmed Learning or Programmed Instruction is a learning methodology or technique first proposed by the behaviorist B. F. Skinner in 1958. According to Skinner, the purpose of programmed learning is to manage human learning under controlled conditions. Programmed learning has three elements:

  • It deliv

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