GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Learning-Instrumental Conditioning Study Material (Page 5 of 6)

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Generalization: Stimulus Generalization


Generalization is reacting in a similar way to different stimulus situations. Generalization gradient is more when number of stimuli items show increased degree of generalization with standard stimuli. Greater the degree of generalization greater will be the magnitude of resulting transfer effect.

Stimulus Generalization

Stimulus Generalization is the tendency of a subject to respond to a stimulus or a group of stimuli similar but not identical to the original CS. For example, a subject may make the desired response when exposed to any sound (that is, to a generalized stimulus) rather than making such a response only to a specific sound. Such generalization can occur in both classical and operan

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Generalization: Mediated and Response


Mediated Generalization

In mediated generalization, the generalization occurs through some medium. For example, semantic generalization occurs through meaning in the word.

Response Generalization

In stimulus generalization, the response is fixed and focus is on the exten

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