GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Learning-Classical Conditioning Study Material (Page 3 of 4)

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Description of Classical Conditioning: Classical Conditioning- Elements of Classical Conditioning, Cognitive Perspective of Classical Conditioning, Some Basic Principles

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Introduction

Classical Conditioning

  • Classical Conditioning is a learning principle given by Pavlov, He was studying digestive system on dog when he noticed that his dog starts salivating when he was about to get food. He noticed the activity of his dog and found that he salivates when he listen to the footsteps of the food giver or when it was his food time.
  • This led Pavlov to think about that we generate response even before we get the particular stimulus just by sensing it arrival.
  • Classical Conditioning is a basic form of learning in which one stimulus comes to serve as a signal for the occurrence of a second stimulus. (Baron)
  • Classical conditioning is learning to make an involuntary response to a stim…

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Description of Classical Conditioning: Types of Conditioning, Why Classical Conditioning Works? , Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning

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Types of Conditioning

Forward conditioning

  • Delayed conditioning: CS remains for the first part or for some time of the UCS. CS starts first then UCS starts.
  • Trace conditioning: CS starts and ends. UCS starts after the end of CS.
    • Simultaneous conditioning: CS & UCS comes and go at the same time.
    • Backward conditioning: Exact opposite of trace conditioning.
      • UC…

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