GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Learning-Classical Conditioning Study Material (Page 2 of 4)

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Classical Conditioning: Higher Order Conditioning


Classical conditioning refers to a process in which neutral stimuli when regularly presented prior to the stimulus that naturally provokes a response acquires power to provoke a response similar to one naturally elicited by other stimulus. This so happens because the two stimuli become associated. Both congruity and practice are essential for association between neutral and original stimulus.

Classical conditioning or Pavlov conditioning was first studied by Ivan Pavlov who became curious about salivating dogs in laboratory before food actually was in their mouths. He thought if appropriate event sequence were created dog would salivate at the sound or light. Further experimentati…

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Classical Conditioning: Pseudo, Laws and Applications of Classical Conditioning


Pseudo Conditioning

Sometimes the experimental conditions themselves become the CS. This is especially true for conditioning of fear responses. E. g. assume that in our experimental setup for some reason ringing of bell gets paired with shock, then, animal becomes conditioned to bell but bell might not elicit fear response outside experiment room, this contextual stimuli and conditioning is called pseudo conditioning because behavior change is not conditioned to bell rather response is the artifact of the experimental method.

Laws of Clas…

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