GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Learning-Classical Conditioning Study Material (Page 1 of 3)

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Theories of Pavlovian Conditioning

  • Stimulus-Substitution Theory: Pavlov’s view that the pairing of the CS and the UCS allows the CS to elicit a CR that was similar in form to the UCR. Theoretically, the CS excites the neural centers for the UCS which then triggers the occurrence of reflexive behavior.
  • Conditioning of

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Classical Conditioning: Higher Order Conditioning


Classical conditioning refers to a process in which neutral stimuli when regularly presented prior to the stimulus that naturally provokes a response acquires power to provoke a response similar to one naturally elicited by other stimulus. This so happens because the two stimuli become associated. Both congruity and practice are essential for association between neutral and original stimulus.

Classical conditioning or Pavlov conditioning was first studied by Ivan Pavlov who became curious about salivating dogs in laboratory before food actually was in their mouths. He thought if appropriate event sequence were created dog would salivate at the sound or light. Further experimentati

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