GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Langauge-Langauge Theories, Applications and Issues Study Material (Page 3 of 4)

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Theories of Language Development: Skinner՚s Theory

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Skinner՚S Theory

The most important aspect of language learning according to operant conditioning model is reinforcement, which the learner receives from other people who speak language. The behaviourist B. F. Skinner then proposed this theory as an explanation for language acquisition in humans. In Verbal Behaviour (1957) , he stated: “The basic processes and relations which give verbal behaviour its special characteristics are now fairly well understood. Much of the experimental work responsible for this advance has been carried out on other species, but the results have proved to be surprisingly free of species restrictions. Recent work…

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Theories of Language Development: Information Processing Theory - Noam Chomsky

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Information Processing Theory - Noam Chomsky

Chomsky reviewed the Skinner՚s operant conditioning theory and criticized the model on following grounds:

  • The fact that high degree of competence in language is acquired by child in short time cannot be explained by operant model
  • Child՚s initial grammatical constructions are not crude approximation of adult speech as conditioning theory would demand
  • T…

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