GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology General Psychology-History Study Material (Page 2 of 5)

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History and Systems: Associationism, German Experimentalists

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Associationism

  • Associationism in psychology refers to “a theory that all mental activity is based on connections between basic mental events, such as sensations and feelings” (Collinsdictionary. com)
  • The early associationists were concerned with how humans come to know the world around them. They tried to explain the processes that lead to the acquisition of mental content. Associationists felt that the human mind is born blank, a tabula rasa (concept by John Locke) and acquires knowledge and reason through experience. They developed principles of association that were later reflected in the work of Ebbinghaus (tested the effects of association on memory) Pavlov (Conditioning theory) Thorndike (Law of …

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History and Systems: Cognitive Psychology, Individual Differences

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Cognitive Psychology

  • By the mid-20th century, experimental psychology directed toward studying thought processes evolved into cognitive psychology. This approach stresses the mental mechanisms that mediate the processing of information. Cognition refers to all the processes by which sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered,…

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