GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology General Psychology-History Study Material (Page 1 of 5)

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History and Systems: Structuralism, Functionalism

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Introduction

  • In late 19th century, the formal field of psychology started to emerge with the setup up of experimental laboratory by Wundt in Leipzig, and after a long journey of ups and down it became successful in maintaining its position in social science. But psychology as we know today was very different from what it was known to be during its emerging period.
  • Herman Ebbinghaus once said that “psychology…

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History and Systems: Behaviorism, Gestalt Psychology, Psychoanalysis, Humanistic Perspective

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Behaviorism

  • John Watson (1878 - 1958) was trained as a functionalist but felt psychological research should be made more objective. He felt that psychology should investigate behavior and not conscious experience. The introspective method used by the structuralists was not scientific enough for Watson. The pres…

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