GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Treatment of Disorders Study Material (Page 9 of 18)

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Psychotherapy: Basis of Psychotherapy and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)


Basis of Psychotherapy

  • It should be guided by clinical observations
  • The objective should be to identify unconscious complex and conflicts resulting from repression
  • It should be based on past learning
  • It should be governed by patients defense mechanism
  • Proper importance should be given to dream analysis
  • Treatment is done by removing the conflicts
  • There is a need for development of transference relationship
  • Internal motivation is important
  • It can be based on free association

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IP

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Psychotherapy: Supportive, Reconstructive and Problems of Psychotherapy


Supportive Psychotherapy

Supportive psychotherapy integrates psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and interpersonal conceptual models and techniques. Consistency, support from others and a hopeful attitude are used to sustain the patient through crisis periods, and encourage small improvements over time.

Elements of Supportive Psychotherapy

  • Immediate manipulation of observable behavior
  • Reassurance
  • Suggestion and advice
  • Reasoning and persuasion
  • Desensitization
  • Group therapy: Refer in topic list.
  • Abreaction (Reliving an experience in order to purge it of its emotional excesses)
  • General counseling

Reconstructive Psychotherapy

It is a form of therapy, such as psychoanalysis, that seeks not only to alleviate symptoms but also produce alt

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