GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Treatment of Disorders Revision (Page 2 of 4)

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Cognitive and Humanistic Therapies

  • Cognitive therapy states how important faulty thought processes, beliefs, and negative self-talk are, because they are used to create problem behaviors. Ellis’ rational-emotive therapy wants that irrational belief of people should be replaced with rational thoughts and perceptions. On the other hand, Beck’s cognitive-behavior therapy emphasizes both, change in thought processes as well as behavior.
  • When all the theories are evaluated, Beck’s theory proves to be the best for relieving

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Behavior Therapies

  • Behavior therapies make use of learning principles so that maladaptive behaviors can be changed. Associations can be well changed with the help of classical conditioning principles. In other therapy known as systematic desensitization, the client is helped to replace anxiety with relaxation, and in aversion therapy, an aversive stimulus is paired with a maladaptive behavior.
  • Shaping, reinforcement, punishment, and extinction are behavioral therapy techniques based on operant conditio

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