GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Treatment of Disorders Study Material (Page 2 of 19)

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Cognitive and Humanistic Therapies

  • Cognitive therapy states how important faulty thought processes, beliefs, and negative self-talk are, because they are used to create problem behaviors. Ellis՚ rational-emotive therapy wants that irrational belief of people should be replaced with rational thoughts and perceptions. On the other hand, Beck՚s cognitive-behavior therapy emphasizes both, change in thought processes as well as behavior.
  • When all the theories are ev…

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Behavior Therapies

  • Behavior therapies make use of learning principles so that maladaptive behaviors can be changed. Associations can be well changed with the help of classical conditioning principles. In other therapy known as systematic desensitization, the client is helped to replace anxiety with relaxation, and in aversion therapy, an aversive stimulus is paired with a maladaptive behavior.
  • Shaping, reinforcement, punishment, and extinction are behavioral therapy techniques based on operant conditioning principles. In modeling therapy, clients are made to observe so that they can play the roles of the models depicted. These type of therapies have been highly successful but have been critic…

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