GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Treatment of Disorders Study Material (Page 10 of 19)

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Psychotherapy: Supportive, Reconstructive and Problems of Psychotherapy


Supportive Psychotherapy

Supportive psychotherapy integrates psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and interpersonal conceptual models and techniques. Consistency, support from others and a hopeful attitude are used to sustain the patient through crisis periods, and encourage small improvements over time.

Elements of Supportive Psychotherapy

  • Immediate manipulation of observable behavior
  • Reassurance
  • Suggestion and advice
  • Reasoning and persuasion
  • Desensitization
  • Group therapy: Refer in topic list.
  • Abreaction (Reliving an experience in order to purge it of its emotional excesses)
  • General counseling

Reconstructive Psychotherapy

It is a form of therapy, such as psychoanalysis, that seeks not only to alleviate symptoms but also produce alte…

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Behavioral Therapy: Basis and Assumptions of Behavior Therapy


It is based on learning theory including operant and respondent conditioning, which aims at changing overt maladaptive behavior and substituting it with adaptive behavior. Treatment focuses on overt behavior and use conditioning technique from learning theory to modify behavior directly. Hypothesis about behavior is formed and tested by manipulating variables functionally related to patient՚s problems.

Basis of Behavior Therapy

  • Is based on conditioning theory
  • Is based on learning theories
  • Is based on controlled observation
  • Used un-adaptive conditioned response
  • Assumes that mental disorders are result of faulty …

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