GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Stress, Conflict, Coping Study Material (Page 2 of 7)

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Stress Management Strategies: Breathing Exercises


Breathing Exercises

  • Breathing is an important function of every living body and it is necessary for their existence. Breathing is the process in which oxygen is absorbed and carbon dioxide is expelled through the movement of the lungs. Diaphragms and muscles of the ribs are the muscles which control the movement of lungs. Diaphragm is a sheet of muscles underneath the lungs.
  • People who are experiencing stress have changes in their breathing pattern.
  • Usually, a stressed person takes small, shallow breaths. They use their shoulders to take and give out breath, not the diaphragms. This result in the imbalance in the biologic…

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Stress Management Strategies: Progressive Muscular Relaxation


Progressive Muscular Relaxation

  • Progressive muscle relaxation is a non-pharmacological method of deep muscle relaxation, based on the premise that muscle tension is the body՚s psychological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
  • This technique for stress management was developed by Edmund Jacobson and it was first presented during 1908.
  • Jacobson explained this technique in his book named “Progressive Relaxation” .


  • Training procedure of the muscle relaxation technique is conducted in a dark room. The learner would be in a reclined position and is advised to close the eyes during the training.
  • Then the person who is giving training asks …

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