GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Causes and Development of Disorders Study Material (Page 4 of 29)

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Anxiety Disorders


When a person is anxious, the one common thing that occurs in many of the individuals is panic attack. This attack lasts for few minutes, usually less than 10 minutes and the person experiences the feelings of fear, danger at its extreme level. He almost gets mad and often feels as if he is dying when this occurs. This he shows through physical manifestations such as sweating, trembling, pounding heart, and more. While generalized anxiety disorder is frequently treated with anxiolytics, specific anxiety disor…

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Somatoform Disorder


Somatic symptom disorder is characterized by an extreme focus on physical symptoms such as pain or fatigue that causes major emotional distress and problems functioning.


The exact cause of somatic symptom disorder isn՚t clear, but any of these factors may play a role:

  • Genetic and biological factors, such as an increased sensitivity to pain
  • Family influence, which may be genetic or environmental, or both
  • Personality trait of negativity, which can impact how you identify and perceive illness and bodily symptoms
  • Decreased awareness of or problems processing emotions, causing physical symptoms to become the focus rather than the emotio…

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