GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Causes and Development of Disorders Study Material (Page 26 of 29)

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Manic Depressive Disorder: Depression



Depression is a mental state in which people have a feeling of loneliness, despair, low self-esteem, and self-reproach with withdrawal from interpersonal contacts and psychomotor retardation.

Major Characteristics of Depression

  • Unhappy mood
  • Diminished interests
  • Increased appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Decreased ability to think
  • Indecisiveness
  • Recurrent thought of death
  • Feeling of guilt
  • Persistent sadness
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Feeling helpless
  • Feeling worthless

Types of Depression

  • Simple: It is milder form of depression. Person suffers from great grief, guilt of past, has loss of memory and no consciousness.
  • Acute: This depression is q

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Manic Depressive Disorder: Causes and Treatment of Manic Depressive Disorder


Causes of Manic Depressive Disorder

  • Genetic
  • Biochemical
  • Neuro-endocrinal
  • Psychoanalytic
  • Introjection of lost object
  • Behavioral and cognitive
  • Stress
  • Sexual maladjustment
  • Constitutional
  • Sociocultural
  • Disturbing life events and unhealthy interpersonal relations

Treatment of Manic Depressive Disorder

Refer Therapeutic Approaches in topic list on the below mentioned therapies.

  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotic
  • ECT
  • Psychosurgery
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Interpersonal therapy
  • Psychoanalytic

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