GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Causes and Development of Disorders Study Material (Page 25 of 29)

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Manic Depressive Disorder: Important Definition and Symptoms of Manic Depressive Disorder


It was first discovered by Alexander Trallianus and the term was first used by Kraeplin in 1899. A mood disorder that is defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, mood, and one or more depressive episodes referred to as Mania and depression respectively. It is a type of Bipolar Mood Disorder.

Important Definition

According to Page, manic-depressive psychosis involves a variety of disorders for which no definite physiological pathology has been demarcated. The main characteristics of mania are general excitement, elation of mood, flight of ideas and psychomotor over activity. The major characteristics of depression are retardation, emot…

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Manic Depressive Disorder: Mania



Such mood disorders are characterized by elation, agitation, hyperactivity, hyper-excitability, accelerated thinking, and speaking of ideas.

It leads to various changes:

  • Excitement and Elation of Mood:
    • Euphoria (Mild Symptom) : Increase psychological wellness
    • Elation (Moderate Symptom) : Confidence and enjoyment
    • Exaltation (Severe Symptom) : Intense with delusion of grandeur
    • Ecstasy (Very Severe Symptom) : Intense sense of blissfulness
  • Changes in Activity:
    • Decreased need for sleep
    • Increased goal directedness
    • Hyper sexuality
    • Aggressiveness
  • Changes in Thinking:
    • Increase self-esteem
    • Flight of thoughts
    • Increased speech
    • Distractibility
    • Poor judgment
    • Increase in psychomotor activity

Types of Mania

  • Hypomania: It is …

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